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Kala Simlu.

Berberis lycium Royle
Synonym:
Plant Family:
Berberidaceae.
Habit & Habitat:
A spiny shrub, up to 3-4m tall, common in temperateand subalpine zones.
Plant Description:
Stem dark grey, glabrescent, spiny.Spines yellowish to straw colour. Leaves simple,oblanceolate to oblong-obovate,entire 1-4 spines at margins. Inflorescence a raceme,10-25 flowered. Flower actinomorphic, 6-8mm across, pale yellow. Sepals obovate, 3mm broad. Petals obovate,emarginated, with lanceolate basal glands. Fruit a berry,green becomes reddish black on ripening.
Flowering and Fruiting:
March-July.
Harvesting Time:
June-December.
Medicinal Value:
Root has antipyretic, febrifuge, carminative, anticancer and antiprotozoal propertiesused in eye diseases, piles, diarrhoea. Berberine has anti-inflammatory activity.[1][15]Locally crushed leaves and stem and root bark are used for wounds healings.It lowers blood pressure and controls diabetes. A brown extract called “Rasaunt”is made from lower parts of plant is used for all kinds of piles and stomach ulcers in local areas. It is used in powder, extract, infusion, paste and decoction forms.
Part Used:
Root, stem, bark and leaf.
Occurrence:
Common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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