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Colchicum luteum Baker

Colchicaceae.
Local Name:
Surinjan Talakh.
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
An annual tender herb up to 25 cm, found in sub-tropical zone, with very short flowering period.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaf simple, linear-lanceolate. Underground stem is corm, ovoid-oblong, flattened at base, having longitudinal groove on both sides, covered by dark brown membrane. Flower yellow, actinomorphic, bell-shaped, 3-4 cm across.Tepals lanceolate to oblanceolate, 2-3cm long. Fruit a capsule, 2-3cm long, ovoid. Seed numerous, globose.
Flowering and Fruiting:
January-February.
Harvesting Time:
February-March.
Medicinal Value:
Corm contain an alkaloid colchicine which is used for gout and rheumatism in allopathic, herbal and homeopathic systems of medicines, also used to treat leukemia.[1][13]Locally used for treatment of joint pains and stomach problems, also removes uric acid from body.
Part Used:
Rhizome.
Occurrence:
Fairly common.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy
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