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Viola betonicifolia Sm.

Violaceae.
Local Name:
Banafsha.
Synonym:
V. caespitosa D. Don
Habit and Habitat:
A glabrous, perennial, stem less herb, up to 8-20 cm tall, with slender, unbranched roots.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaf triangular, obtuse, base truncate. Petiole longer than lamina. Stipules free, dentate. Flower zygomorphic, 5-15mm long, purplish-lilac. Sepals lanceolate, acute, entire. Fruit a capsule, oblong and glabrous.
Flowering and Fruiting:
March-May.
Harvesting Time:
March-September.
Medicinal Value:
It is useful in fever, cough, headache and sore throat.[5] Locally whole plant decoction is used for treatment of jaundice, flu, headache and stomach disorders.Powder of flower mixed with white lump sugar is an excellent remedy for chronic constipation.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Fairly common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Drying, Packing,Herbal Pharmacy.
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