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Viola biflora L.

Violaceae.
Local Name:
Pila Banafsha.
Synonym:
V. reniformis Wall.
Habit and Habitat:
An annual herb up to 20cm tall with a slender rootstock, trailing on ground, found in sub-alpine and alpine zones.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves simple, kidney shaped, margin lobed,rounded. Petiole 15cm long of ramal leaves and up to 4.5 cm long of cauline leaves. Stipules 2, ovate or oblong, entire. Flower solitary,zygomorphic,yellow. Sepals lanceolate, acute. Petals obovate to oblong, entire, striped with brown coloured streaks. Spur short, straight. Fruit a capsule, ovoid to oblong, glabrous.
Flowering and Fruiting:
May-August.
Harvesting Time:
May-October.
Medicinal Value:
Locally useful in skin diseases eczema, psoriasis and acne, also used to treat rheumatism.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Uncommon.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Collection, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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