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Ziziphus jujuba Mill.

Rhamnaceae.
Local Name:
Baruin, Anab.
Synonym:
Ziziphus vulgaris Lam.
Habit and Habitat:
A spiny tree up to 5-15m tall, found in dry and sunny places of sub-tropical zone.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves simple, leathery, glabrous, obliquely oblong-ovate, lanceolate, crenate to serrate, base slightly cordate, Inflorescence composed of axillary clusters. Flower actinomorphic, yellowish-white, small. Calyx ovate, acuminate. Petals spathulate cucullate. Fruit a drupe globose or oblong, succulent, shining, red-dark brown on ripening.
Flowering and Fruiting:
May-July.
Harvesting Time:
June- August.
Medicinal Value:
In China, it is used in anticancer formulae and Japanese research suggest that it promotes immunity. Fruit is taken as heart tonic also useful in anxiety, insomnia, dizziness and night sweats. The bark is useful in fever and roots promote hair growth.[5] [12] Locally whole plant extract is used in asthma, cough, fever and as blood purifier.
Part Used:
Bark, Fruit, Leaf and Root.
Occurrence:
Uncommon.
Future Perspective:
Conservation, Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy.
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