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Ricinus cummunis L.

Euphorbiaceae.
Local Name:
Harnoli, Arand.
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
An evergreen soft wooded shrub found in sub-tropical zone.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves long stalked, palmately 5-9 lobed, darkgreen above paler beneath. Leaf blade with triangular-lanceolate toothed lobes. Middle lobe larger, lateral smaller. Inflorescence a terminal raceme, 10-30cm long. Upper female flower with purplish sepals and lower male flower with yellowish- green calyx lobes. Fruit a capsule usually covered with long stiff prickles, splitting into 3 valves. Seed oblong and mottled.
Flowering and Fruiting:
June- December.
Harvesting Time:
August-December.
Medicinal Value:
Oil is stimulant, purgative. [1 ] External use of castor oil is popular for healing cancerous and benign tumors of all kinds.[8] Local people use leaf and root poultice in joint pains, sciatica and headache.
Part Used:
Whole plant.
Occurrence:
Common.
Future Perspective:
Cultivation, Herbal Pharmacy, Allopathic Pharmacy, Oil Extraction.
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