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Rubia cordifolia L.

Rubiaceae.
Local Name:
Katrani.
Synonym:
Habit and Habitat:
A perennial, stinging climber,found in sub-tropical and temperate zones.
Taxonomic Features:
Leaves simple,ovate-cordate,entire,upper surface rough with sharp recurved prickles.Inflorescence of axillary and terminal paniculate cymes,few-flowered,forked branched.Flower actinomorphic,creamy white.Fruit purplish black when ripe.
Flowering and Fruiting:
May-July.
Harvesting Time:
May-October.
Medicinal Value:
Whole plant is considered antidote to scorpion sting. It has antiseptic, astringent, deobstruent, diuretic and vermifuge properties. It is also useful in bone fractures, inflammation, chest complaints, headache, hepatic obstructions, leucoderma, menstrual disorders, rheumatism, stomachache, ulcers, obstructions in the urinarypassages and paralysis [5].
Part Used:
Root.
Occurrence:
Very common.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Drying, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy.
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