Carissa opaca Stapf ex Haines.
Apocynaceae.
Local Name:
Garanda.
Synonym:
Carissa spinarum Lodd.ex A.DC.
Habit & Habitat:
An evergreen branched shrub with straight spines, 3m or more tall, found in sub-tropical zone.
Taxonomic Features:
Young shoot with milky juice. Leaf simple, opposite, elliptic, ovate or round, shinning, green above. Inflorescence in terminal cymes. Flower white or light rose, sweet scented, 2cm across. Calyx lobes lanceolate. Corolla tube slender. Fruit a berry, elliptic-oblong, dark purple when ripe, with white milky juice.
Flowering and Fruiting:
April-June.
Harvesting Time:
Throughout the year.
Medicinal Value:
Locally whole plant decoction is used for curing Jaundice, Hepatitis A, B and C. Two month continuous use of decoction kills the virus. Fruit has antioxidant properties and useful in kidney disorders. Fruit and leaves are cardiac stimulants.
Part Used:
Whole Plant.
Occurrence:
Common at low altitudes.
Future Perspective:
Collection, Formulation, Packing, Herbal Pharmacy.
Gallery